ERP and RT signs of a rightward bias for spatial orienting in a split-brain patient

A M Proverbio, A Zani, M S Gazzaniga, and G R Mangun (1994). Neuroreport, 5(18):2457-61.

Neuropsychological data have shown that the two cerebral hemispheres differ in the control of spatial attention. The present study investigated hemispheric asymmetries and visuomotor integration in a split-brain patient and three control subjects. Simple reaction times (RTs) and event-related potentials (ERPs) were recorded to lateralized stimuli presented at different eccentricities in the left and right visual hemifields. Both electrophysiological and behavioural data showed that, unlike controls, the split-brain patient showed a strong rightward attentional bias resulting in shorter RTs and larger P300 potentials to stimuli falling in the rightmost space. Furthermore, ERPs also showed that while the RH has a bilateral control of visual space, the LH spatial orienting capability is most restricted to the contralateral hemifield.

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